A school is a public educational establishment designed to offer learning areas and learning spaces for the education of children under the supervision of qualified teachers. The majority of countries have systems of public, formal education, which may be mandatory. In such systems, children progress through a prescribed number of schools known as primary schools. Within these primary schools, they are then assigned to one of the three types of secondary schools: private, government or public. Private schools are typically funded by parents, while public and government schools are funded either by the state or by a combination of both.
Private schools differ from primary schools in that they are run by members of a limited faith community, and are available to children of a particular socio-economic status. Government schools are recognized by the government, and provide higher education to almost all citizens of a country, as well as some of its indigenous peoples. Private schools tend to concentrate more on spiritual and liberal education, while public schools tend to be highly academic and involved in the shaping of young children’s social attitudes and behaviors.
At the moment, the most common form of secondary schooling is through Montessori schools, which emphasize both social interaction and direct learning. A student spends at least five hours a week in a one-to-one environment, with the teacher spending at least one hour in each session. Courses are taught using a guided model that empowers the teacher to actively participate in the child’s learning. This direct interaction between teacher and child helps to build respect, trust and healthy communication, through the use of gentle non-violent methods, with which the child and teacher are able to build an environment of deep and meaningful communication. These methods are based on the holistic approach that recognizes the individuality and uniqueness of every child, and work towards the genuine fulfillment of this individuality. Montessori school curricula emphasizes qualities such as compassion, responsibility, and integrity, and promotes a progressive self-awareness that encourages students to follow their own passions, and live a life of equality, caring and respect.