A school is an educational establishment designed to offer learning environments and learning spaces for children under the guidance of qualified teachers. In most countries, a child has to pass certain courses in order to gain entrance to secondary school. Usually, in these systems, children progress from a single school to another, until they are old enough to go to school in their own neighborhood. If this route is not feasible for a child, then he or she will be enrolled in a school, usually a junior school. The duration of a school term can range from one to two years. Children who wish to continue their studies after primary school have to attend a school, organized either by the government or a private agency, that offers a post secondary education program.

Children start instruction at kindergarten, the first year of basic instruction. At this time, children learn how to read and write letters, numbers, and animals; count by twos and threes; identify colors; and can understand about science and the physical world. Some of the basic subjects taught in primary schools include reading, writing, math, science, geography, chemistry, and physics. Some of the other classes taught in elementary schools are art and design, music, health and physical education, science and nature, agriculture, childcare instruction, and others. In most developed countries, public primary schools also provide preschool instruction, usually for kindergarten.

In secondary school, children complete a series of academic classes, including mathematics, reading, science, social studies, and history. In elementary schools, children complete instruction in elementary subjects, like English, math, science, and geography. Thereafter, they go on to school in special education institutions, like special schools for girls or boys, or schools for handicapped students. In some cases, parents send their children to special schools for behavioral problems.

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