A school is an institution designed to offer learning spaces and educational environments for the education of students, under the guidance of qualified teachers. Most developed countries have such systems of formal schooling, which can be compulsory or not. In such systems, students initially progress through a short list of schools, each having its own set of rules and regulations. The number of such schools in a country usually ranges between two to ten. In some cases, public schooling is not available, while in others parents send their children to private schools.
Various factors are involved in the process of selecting a school. One of them is the school choice policy of the state. A number of states in the United States have a policy that the education of any child should be provided according to the preference of the parents. The main argument put forward by proponents of this school choice policy is that it promotes a sense of school education, individual freedom, responsibility, self-worth and other related factors.
However, critics of this school choice policy argue that a lack of resources may prevent some children from accessing quality education. They also point out that the absence of a proper and stable financing system may hamper the progress of some students. Another major concern raised by many critics of traditional public schools is the quality of education received by disadvantaged minority children. As most disadvantaged minority children are admitted in the magnet schools, they receive an equal opportunity to participate in the regular school environment.